luke 13:8 commentary

Luke 13:8-9 New American Standard Bible (NASB). The call to arise.—The stirring summons and the beautiful promise of St. Paul to the Ephesians should be ringing in our ears and touching our hearts: ‘Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.’ Sins and shortcomings of all kinds, especially those which through the power of the flesh would kill the spirit, must be left dead in the darkness of the past as we arise and come towards the light. He was on His way out of Perea, east of Jordan, and in Herod's dominions, "journeying towards Jerusalem" ( Luke 13:22). These three years - These words are not to be referred to the time which Christ had been preaching the gospel, as if he meant to specify the exact period. Mark 13:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Mark 13:8, NIV: "Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.There will be earthquakes in various places, and famines. Christ cures a woman who had been afflicted eighteen years, Luke 13:10-13. dig, &c.—loosen the earth about it and enrich it with manure; pointing to changes of method in the divine treatment of the impenitent, in order to freshen spiritual culture. I know thousands will say that, even when we have manfully resolved to let all that is unworthy die, it is not easy; nay, it is very hard. The parable of the barren fig tree, vv. Luke, probably more than any other Gospel writer, seeks to show us that very thing. The Parable of the Barren Fig Tree … 7 So he said to the keeper of the vineyard, ‘Look, for the past three years I have come to search for fruit on this fig tree and haven’t found any. II. Take additional pains with it, using the means adapted to further fruitfulness. (See Luke 13:34). Over a complete period of three years (a period which is a sufficient and complete test) they had been tested and had not been fruitful. The remark of the dresser that he might "then" cut it down, denotes the acquiescence of all in the belief that such a judgment would be just. 5. (c) And some may themselves have to hear the call, to lie down and die, and feel the darkness that hangs around the hour of death. Sin is the poison which is death to the soul; the Cross of Christ is the certain cure. Small Beginnings, Much Discouragement Digging is a painful work, and a spending work: and such is our ministerial work, if followed as it ought to be. Luke 13:5 (unless you repent) described a once and for all repentance. & Bartenora in ib. The warning is then of judgment to come because they are fruitless. 6-29. Luke 13.1-9 Unless You Repent Luke 13:1-9 Luke tells us in verse 1 that there were some in the crowd who began reporting a current news event. Thus Christ the great Intercessor interceded for the Jewish Church and people, and thus, as he ever liveth, he continues to … Dr. Thomson ("The Land and the Book," vol. Thou may cut it down, nobody will go about to hinder thee. The parable is based on the same idea as lies behind John’s words in Luke 3:9. till I shall dig about it, and dung it; these same phrases are used in the "Misna" (k), , "they dung and dig" in gardens of cucumbers, and gourds, until the beginning of the year:''. Dig about it—Hollow the earth around the root of the tree, and then pour in the manure, keeping the soil loose and mellow to catch the nourishing dews and rains that a cherishing heaven may send. Only here, and Luke 14:35. After eighteen years, she could hardly remember any other way of seeing the world. From hence learn, that a people's continued unfruitfulness under the means of grace, does in time take off the prayers and intercessions of the ministers of God for them, and provokes God to bring his judgments unavoidably and irrevocably upon them: After that thou shalt cut it down. Maps / Images. σκ. Wesley's Notes for Luke 13:8. On the other hand, when I look through the “car” section of the want ads, I have no interest in those cars which are running well. The Ethiopic version renders it, "until the winter", that being a time for digging about, and dunging of trees, as follows. Bible Courses. Observe here, 1. Sing. Text Commentaries. & Bartenora in ib. Luke 13:8 And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: Luke 13:9 And if it bear fruit, well: and if not, then after that thou shalt cut it down. Reflection Dear sisters and brothers, “Jesus was teaching in a synagogue on the sabbath. If the people still fail to respond to His teaching then only judgment awaits them, and He wants them to know that God is in full agreement with Him on the matter. III. Charts and Outlines. Luke 8:13 Context. The parable of the mustard seed, Luke 13:18, Luke 13:19; of the leaven, Luke 13:20-21. Ministers must try their utmost to fulfil their ministry that they have received of the Lord, Colossians 4:17. No worth or worthiness in the sinner preserves him. If not, after that thou shalt cut it down. Luke 13:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Luke 13:8, NIV: "'Sir,' the man replied, 'leave it alone for one more year, and I'll dig around it and fertilize it." They dig about the 2. , מזבלין ומעדרין, "they dung and dig" in gardens of cucumbers, and gourds, until the beginning of the year:'. Let us resolve, as we stretch forth our hands into the hidden future, let us resolve to bring forth more holy fruit than we have done in the years now for ever gone. 11 Now the parable is this: The seed is the word of God. Commentary on Luke 13:6-9 (Read Luke 13:6-9) This parable of the barren fig-tree is intended to enforce the warning given just before: the barren tree, except it brings forth fruit, will be cut down. 9 If it bears fruit next year, fine! ashes, and they smoke under the trees to kill worms.". 28 “There will be weeping there, and gnashing of teeth, when you see Abraham, Isaac and Jacob and all the prophets in the kingdom of God, but you yourselves thrown out. Sermon Luke 13:6-9 Another Year of Grace Check out these helpful resources Biblical Commentary Children's Sermons Hymn Lists Luke 13:6-9 Another Year of Grace By Pastor Vince Gerhardy Another year has almost gone and we are on the Dig about it, and dung it. 14 And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day. These are the beginning of birth pains." God, by the man who owned the vineyard. This version includes a study guide with questions and answers. (k) Sheviith, c. 2. sect. 8 And he answered and said to him, ‘Let it alone, sir, for this year too, until I dig around it and put in fertilizer; 9 and if … ((l) Jarchi, Maimon. i. p. 539) says of the barren fig-tree: "There are many such trees now; and if the ground is not properly cultivated, especially when the trees are young - as the one of the parable was, for only "three" years are mentioned they do not bear at all; and even when full grown they quickly fail, and wither away if neglected. 2. Timelines. He lives upon sufferance, and dies when the pleading voice becomes silent. Topical Indexes. The son of a farmer looks at cow manure as something which he must endlessly shovel out of the barn—a pain in th… let it alone this year also; have patience one year more, or a little while longer. 8.Let it alone—It is the voice of the intercessor. Benson Commentary Luke 13:8-9. A natural proposal, but sometimes fertility is better promoted by starving, cutting roots, so preventing a tree from running to wood. 29 People will come from east and west and north and south, and will take their places at the feast in the kingdom of God. And he said, Let it alone this year also — Here we have the vine-dresser’s intercession for the barren fig-tree. 8. This points out unto us the office and duty of the ministers of God, who are laborers in his vineyard, to be intercessors with God, for sparing a barren and unfruitful people. For three successive years he had been disappointed. Commentary on Luke 13:10-17 View Bible Text . Like the three parables of the lost sheep, coin and sons in Luke 15, Luke 13:1-9 combines two questions related to repentance with a parable which illustrates in more detail the theme of repentance. John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, John Lightfoot's Commentary on the Gospels, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. Jesus, Women, and Men. Here is a supposition of future incorrigibleness, After that thou shalt cut it down: that is, after thou hast spared it, and I have pruned it; after thy patience and my pains; after thou hast forborne it, and I have manured it, digged and dunged it; if after all this, it bear no fruit, then I have not a word more to say, Thou shalt cut it down. оставь ее и на этот год Здесь показывается как заступничество Христа, так и чрезвычайное терпение и милосердие Отца. g.]— τοῦτο τὸ ἔτος, this year) the third, year, on which Jesus most especially visited them (in mercy), ch. Knowing that the vineyard's owner had every reason to be disappointed with the barren tree, the keeper intercedes for the tree's life, asking for another year. Naz., κόπρια περιβαλεῖν. If you own it, you probably will try to think of a way of getting someone else to purchase it, or even to take it off your hands. Kneel in penitence before the Cross, and the blood of the holy Victim cleanseth us from all sin. This year also. Luke also… ., dig holes about the root, and cast in manure. 31. and depart hence--and "go forward," push on. A more special interpretation is not necessary. Luke 13:8 Context. Till I shall dig (εως οτου σκαπσω — heōs hotou skapsō). Bible Reference. But rather, the intercession of the ministers of Christ, and other good men, may be here meant; who, as Abraham interceded for Sodom, and Moses and Aaron for Israel, so do they for a sinful nation, a barren and unfruitful church and people, and particular persons, that they may be spared, at least a little longer, as here: let it alone this year also; have patience one year more, or a little while longer. Luke 13:31-35. Follow Desiring … 13 There were some present at that very time who told him about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. 7. To most of you, a car that is “sick” or “dead” has no appeal. How very few of us ever stop to think of the great mercy and long-suffering of our God, Who spares our lives from day to day and year to year. He lives upon sufferance, and dies when the pleading voice becomes silent. - The word "cumber" here means to render "barren" or "sterile." Luke 13:8, ESV: "And he answered him, ‘Sir, let it alone this year also, until I dig around it and put on manure." The new light.—And He Who has the power to cleanse us from the sins of the past is the same Holy Friend Who gives the light to walk by in the present and in the future. 403. The words clearly indicate that He considers that the people have been given every opportunity, and are now being given their last opportunity. He journeys towards Jerusalem, and preaches, Luke 13:22. 6. Why should it use up the soil?’ 8 ‘Sir,’ the man replied, ‘leave it alone again this year, until I dig around it and fertilize it. 9 If it bears fruit next year, fine. BLB Institute If not, then cut it down.’ Bible Commentary for Luke 13:8. till I shall dig about it, and dung it; these same phrases are used in the "Misna"F11Sheviith, c. 2. sect. A brief respite is asked for, and whatever intercessor may be here represented, there is never any certainty of more than a brief one. Luke 13:8. , one year more; he has not courage to propose a longer time to an impatient owner.— (neuter plural from adjective ), dung stuffs. They mean, as applicable to the vineyard, that the owner had been "a long time" expecting fruit on the tree. kopria. The dresser was perhaps intended to denote the Saviour and the other messengers of God, pleading that God would spare the Jews, and save them from their enemies that stood ready to destroy them, as soon as God should permit. — loosen the earth about it and enrich it with manure; pointing to changes of method in the divine treatment of the impenitent, in order to freshen spiritual culture. Light in the darkness.—Let us pray for this mighty gift. If they remain fruitless they will perish. Hebrew / Greek Grammars. If they will not be made straight then they will perish. Luke 13:8 How very few of us ever stop to think of the great mercy and long-suffering of our God, Who spares our lives from day to day and year to year. Homely as the imagery is, it suggests fertilising and gracious influences not less vividly than the dew or rain from heaven, and points, perhaps, specifically to such as are working on us in our earthly surroundings, as contrasted with the directly supernatural action of God’s grace. — Christ, as Intercessor, loath to see it cut down so long as there was any hope (see Luke 13:34). She had gotten used to looking at people out of the corner of her eye, by looking up and sideways. It was spoken to illustrate the dealings of God with them, and their own wickedness under all his kindness, and we may understand the different parts of the parable as designed to represent: 1. 13. When the day dawned the tiger stalked away to a distant thicket, and the stiff and weary watcher felt that he was safe.” Thus it is with the beleagured soul; it is only in the light given by the Sun of Righteousness that our enemies can be put to flight.’. It was not merely "useless," but was doing mischief, which may be said of all sinners and all hypocritical professors of religion. 2 He asked them, “Do you think that because these Galileans suffered in this way they were worse sinners than all other Galileans? Luke 19:42; Luke 19:44; and perfected the work of redemption, and sent His apostles: Acts 2. And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: And he answering said unto him. One’s perspective makes all the difference in the world. 13:6-9 This parable of the barren fig-tree is intended to enforce the warning given just before: the barren tree, except it brings forth fruit, will be cut down. No worth or worthiness in the sinner preserves him. Whatever may be the nature of the darkness that is sure to come, the darkness of sin, of temptation, of bereavement, of sickness, of poverty, of death itself, there is but one light wherein we shall hope, and that is the light that Jesus gives. 8 “ ‘Sir,’ the man replied, ‘leave it alone for one more year, and I’ll dig around it and fertilize it. (8) And dung it.—Literally, and put dung. roots of their trees, they pluck up the suckers, they take off the leaves, they sprinkle I want the sick and the dead ones. i. Jesus’ warning that they must repent or perish had an immediate, chilling fulfillment. #Psa 80:8|. Luke 13:8 And he answering said to him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall dig about it, and dung it: ... Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary. And he answered and said to him, ‘Let it alone, sir, for this year too, until I dig around it and put in fertilizer; To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 30 Indeed there are those who are last who will be first, and first who will be last.” Let us resolve, as we stretch forth our hands into the hidden future, let us resolve to bring forth more holy fruit than we … We deal in mysteries, in the deep things of God, which are not received without much digging. The owner is probably God the Judge of all the world. They reason that since leaven is used negatively sometimes (Luke 12:1; 1 Corinthians 5:6-8; Galatians 5:9), that it must be negative in the Parable of the Leaven. It will be noted that parables of fruitfulness occur both sides of the story of the woman who was made straight, stressing that that story is to be seen as more than just a miracle story, but as an indication of God’s purpose for His own, a making fruitful of His elect. 1-5. The vine-dresser's petition and request, Lord, let it alone this year also. First aorist active subjunctive like βαλω — balō (second aorist active subjunctive of βαλλω — ballō), both common verbs. He will turn over the soil around it and feed it with manure, Then if it produces fruit all will be satisfied, and if it does not then it can be cut down. (Beza.) Thus from beneath and from around and from above is the sinner beset with mercies to save his soul from death. God will yield somewhat to prayer, when he is bitterly bent against a people or person. Answer: Jesus told the Parable of the Fig Tree—Luke 13:6-9—immediately after reminding His listeners of a tower over the pool of Siloam (John 9:7) which unexpectedly fell and killed eighteen people. The Ethiopic version renders it, "until the winter", that being a time for digging about, and dunging of trees, as follows. This represents Christ as Intercessor, loath to see it cut down so long as there was any hope. And by these phrases may be signified the various means Christ made use of by his own ministry, and by the ministry of his apostles, to make the Jews a fruitful people; and rather the means Christ's ministers make use of, as did the apostles with the Jews, to reach the cases of barren professors; as by "digging", striking at, and exposing some secret sin or sins, which are the root and source of their barrenness; showing them, that they have no root in Christ, nor the root of the matter in them; and declaring to them the insufficiency of a mere profession of religion to save them: and "dunging", which as it supposes want of heat, or coldness, which is the cause of barrenness, and signifies, that such professors are without spiritual life, and without spiritual heat, or real warmth of love to Christ, his truths, ordinances, and people, and discharge their duty in a cold and lifeless manner; so it may design the means they make use of to warm and fire them with zeal for God, and true religion; by preaching the soul quickening doctrines of the Gospel, and by laying before them the agreeableness of a becoming zeal, and the disagreeableness of a lukewarm spirit and disposition, an indolence and unconcern for the glory of God, and interest of Christ. he answering, etc. The ruler of the synagogue is incensed and is reproved by our Lord, Luke 13:14-17. Audio & Video Commentaries. Luke 13:8. ἀποκριθεὶς, having answered) By reason of His tender affection for the tree, inasmuch as being the object of His care as its dresser.— ἄφες, let it alone) This is akin to an argument drawn from its costing no great trouble or expense, [To such a degree are even they benefited by the intercession of Christ, who if left to themselves would have long since perished.—V. By taking up the juices of the earth, this useless tree rendered the ground sterile, and prevented the growth of the neighboring vines. ]— κόπρια) Greg. His waiting denotes the delay of vengeance, to give them an opportunity of repentance. (a) Some of us may have to feel bitterly the darkness that enshrouds the soul when it is wounded and bruised by an unexpected fall. But remember, God shows us how to do it. Jun 4, 1989. Luke 13:8. The verb tense in Luke 13:3 (unless you repent) described a continuing repentance. A double supposition here made by the vine-dresser: First, of future fruitfulness; If it bear fruit, well. Whether it is Satan and the demonic realm or the religious leaders or even at times, His own followers His ministry has been opposed. Scripture: Luke 13:1–5. Observe, 3. Introductions to the Bible. The vinedresser then suggested that the fig tree be given one more chance to prove itself. There is that one great adversary, the devil: and it is only by the power of the light which Christ gives that we can detect his many devices to destroy our peace (see Illustration). It is important to observe that vv. —Hollow the earth around the root of the tree, and then pour in the manure, keeping the soil loose and mellow to catch the nourishing dews and rains that a cherishing heaven may send. Luke 13:8-9 View Full Chapter. John Piper Jun 5, 1988 279 Shares Sermon. We may also remark that God treats sinners in this manner now; that he spares them long; that he gives them opportunities of repentance; that many live but to cumber the ground; that they are not only useless to the church, but pernicious to the world; that in due time, when they are fairly tried, they shall be cut down; and that the universe will bow to the awful decree of God, and say that their damnation is just. The fig tree represents God’s supposed people who should be fruitful. 2 And he answered them, “Do you think that these Galileans were worse sinners than all the other Galileans, because they suffered in this way? dig about it, and dung it: [I will dig about it, and dung it.] 6-9 of Luke 13 are closely linked with vv. The Kingdom of God Luke 13:18-21 All through Jesus’ ministry He has experienced opposition. Gloss is; "They lay dung in their gardens to moisten the earth. Mark 13:8, ESV: "For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom.There will be earthquakes in various places; there will be famines. As in the natural world there is no poison without an antidote, so in the spiritual world there is a God-sent antidote for the poison of sin (see Illustration). Those who expect to gather good crops of well-flavored figs are particularly attentive to their culture - not only plow and dig about them frequently, and manure them plentifully, but they carefully gather out the stones from the orchards, contrary to their general slovenly habits.". If they cannot absolutely prevent judgment coming upon an unfruitful people, yet they endeavor to respite it, and delay its coming all they can. 3. 10 And he said, Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the kingdom of God: but to others in parables; that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand. The barrenness of the tree, the wickedness of the people. , that they carry dung into their gardens to moisten the earth, and dig about the roots of the trees, and lay them bare, and cover them again, and prune them, and smoke them to kill the worms. dig, etc. to orange-trees in the south of Italy: and to hops in England. Harmony of the Gospels. 3 No, I tell you; but unless you repent, you will all perish as they did. There are many enemies of the soul hidden as it were in the dark, but nevertheless striving to lead us into unclean paths, far, far away from all that is holy. Till I shall dig, &c.] Donec eam ablaqueavero et stercoravero. If we look at what they say it probably is a result of Jesus’ challenge in chapter 12. Saints come in many varieties, but in Luke’s Sermon on the Plain Jesus focuses on certain kinds who receive his attention throughout his ministry: the poor, the hungry, the crying, and the hated or ostracized. And he answering said unto him, Lord, let it alone this year also, till I shall Lk 4:15,16,44; Luke 13 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; Luke 13:10-17 Religion Versus Reality - … Be Imitators of Christ During COVID-19 Luke 13:10-17, Acts 7:47-50, Ephesians 4:32, Hebrews 13:8, Matthew 28:20, Ephesians 5:1-8. ‘Christ shall give thee light.’ And we know full well by experience how sorely we shall need this light as the days and hours fly by. Occasionally, people get confused about this parable. Therefore cut it down! The digging was for the purpose of casting in the manure near the roots. As we've seen in the Parable of the Mustard Seed, that assumption isn't warranted. This parable is to be taken in connection with what goes before, and with our Saviour's calling the Jewish nation to repentance. The coming of the owner for fruit, the desire of God that they should produce good works. 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A special excitement at the synagogue is incensed and is reproved by our Lord, Colossians 4:17 Lord... ’ s words in Luke 3:9 had gotten used to go to war they would dip their arrows the! Is to be Jesus who was here to nourish Israel and was giving them last! A natural proposal, but sometimes fertility is better promoted by starving, cutting roots, so preventing tree! Eam ablaqueavero et stercoravero vine-dresser: first, of future fruitfulness ; If it bears fruit next year fine. Here means to render `` barren '' or `` sterile. the pleading voice becomes silent 12:54 he said... And `` go forward, '' push on Christ as Intercessor, to! ( ESV ) repent or perish had an immediate, chilling fulfillment represents. Is “sick” or “dead” has no appeal lay dung in their gardens to moisten the earth, God us... It and dig it & c. the Gloss is ; `` they lay in! Vineyard, that the owner 's waiting signifies the delay of vengeance, to them! P. 403 ministry that they have received of the owner is probably God the Judge of all the in! Makes all the difference in the first place refers to the soul ; the Cross, and with our 's. Brothers, “Jesus was teaching in one of the corner of her,! ; `` they lay dung in their gardens to moisten the earth preventing a tree from to. 11 Now the parable of the tree includes questions and no answers includes a study guide questions! Dig holes about the root, and preaches, Luke 13:19 ; of the....

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