chemical control of melon fruit fly

reliance on chemical control are many residues of insecticides in crops, health problems for farmers, contamination of water and soil, insecticide resistance development and decrease in natural enemy populations. The melon fly. Heat a small piece of metal to make the holes easily. 1.3 How to use chemical bait to control fruit flies In this eastern region of Ghana, a chemical bait-insecticide (Great Bait) was introduced three years ago to control the fruit fly population. The implementation of control measures that do not imply an added burden to the environment and/or the farmers is urgent. The melon fly is a dangerous pest of melons and gourds. Plastic bottle/jar 1 litre; Latex gloves; Galvanized utility wire; Methodology . The melon fly was first found in California in 1956 and has been captured sporadically over the years, but all infestations have been successfully eradicated. Area-Wide Control of the Oriental Fruit FLY and Melon FLY in Taiwan. The two most common mechanical methods of control are wrapping developing fruit with a protective covering and the use of baited traps. @article{Khan1984ChemicalCO, title={Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). on bitter gourd. Proteinaceous liquid attractants in insecticide sprays is a recommended method of controlling adult melon fly populations in the vicinity of crops. cultural control, biological control, and chemical control. The control plot and treated plots were characterized by varied fly population density on successive days of observation, with … Report suspected melon fly to Biosecurity Queensland immediately on 13 25 23 or contact the Exotic Plant Pest Hotline on 1800 084 881. Austral Entomology 2015 , 54 (4) , 411-426. This review paper on fruit fly survey in Nepal indicated that fruit fly is a problem causing considerable loss in productivity of citrus fruits and cucurbit vegetables. Management of fruit fly by pheromone and indigenous bait traps Bait traps. Ceratitis rosa is recorded from over 100 plant species. malathion) mixed with a protein bait. Fruit Fly Mania is a protein which is highly attractive to both male and female fruit flies. Summary. On the control and treated experimental plots, before application, an average population density of 11.5 fly/plant was noted. These are applied baiting and cultural practices for management of fruit flies. An adult female fruit fly can lay up to 2,000 eggs on the surface of anything that's moist and rotting. Biological . The female produces a pheromone when she wants to mate and lay eggs. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). Chemical control of the melon fruit fly is relatively ineffective. The fruit fly is known as one of the two-winged insects, and it is one of the agricultural pests that intrude on fruit trees, causing damage to them, and weakening their productivity, and the female of this fly puts its eggs in a hole under the shell of a fruit seed, and when these eggs hatch, larvae come out white. Therefore, keeping in view the importance of the pest and crop, the melon fruit fly management could be done using local area management or wide area management. This protein bait is specific to the fruit fly, it only attracts and kill these flies. Fruit flies need specific proteins to survive and mature, in addition female fruit flies also need proteins to mature their eggs. The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata feeds and causes damage to a very wide range of crops. The attraction of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) Vinegar and beer were added as the ‘bait components’ to the above ‘base baits’ to enhance their attractiveness. While there are a number of parasitoids that can help control fruit fly populations, these kill the insect in the pupal stage and are therefore of little use in preventing damage if populations are already high. It attracts all common species of fruit flies such as African invasive fruit fly, melon fly and mediterranean fruit fly. Like many insects, male and female fruit flies find each other using smell. Life Cycle A female melon fly usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into flowers, stems, and exposed roots. A poisoned bait gave good control of fruit flies (Steiner et al. Major host plants of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot. The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. Put a wire from the cover to suspend the bait. Based on the conducted monitoring of appearance of melon fly, optimal time for the performance of chemical pest control was determined. Within 30 hours, tiny maggots hatch and start to eat the decayed food. }, author={S. Khan and G. H. Chughtai and Qamar-ul-Islam}, journal={Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research}, year={1984}, volume={5}, pages={40-42} } Kugler J, Freldberg A (1975) A list of the fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Israel and nearby areas, their host plants and distribution. Local area management. Papayas grown in Hawaii are infested with four species of fruit flies: the Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis), the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), the melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae), and the Malaysian fruit fly (Bactrocera latifrons). Fruit flies. Khan S, Chughtai GH, Qamar-ul-Islam (1984) Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). Fruit fly management tactics includes the use of pheromone trap, application of chemical pesticides and sanitation. Chemical Control of Melon Fruit Flay (Bactrocera cucurbitae) (Coq) on Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) by Malathion and Dipterex in D.I. Video: Integrated Pest Management (Ground Cover TV, Grains Research and Development Corporation) … Local area management means the … If you think you have found melon fly, you must take all reasonable and practical steps under your control to minimise any associated risks. AREA-WIDE CONTROL OF THE ORIENTAL FRUIT FLY AND MELON FLY IN TAIWAN Tze-chung Huang1, Edward Y. Cheng 2, Ching-Hua Kao, Yu-Bing Hwang2 and Ming-Yao Chiang1 1Bureau of Animal and Plant Health Inspection and Quarantine, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taiwan ROC 2Taiwan Agricultural Research Institute, Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan, Taiwan ROC ABSTRACT Area-wide control … Materials required. Responses of fruit flies (Tephritidae: Dacinae) to novel male attractants in north Queensland, Australia, and improved lures for some pest species. The melon fly can attack both flowers, stem and root tissue, and fruit. Chemicals for fighting the melon fly. No votes yet. Corpus ID: 83293314. It is therefore recommended that an integrated approach is adopted to manage the spread. (Diptera: Tephritidae) to soybean hydrolysate, fishmeal, beef extract, banana/grapes, bread and dog biscuit was evaluated in snakegourd (Trichosanthes anguina L.) gardens during 2000–2001. Melon fly is a prohibited plant pest under the Biosecurity Act 2014. A bait spray consists of a suitable insecticide (e.g. CHEMICAL CONTROL. Israel Journal of Entomology 10, 51-72. The chemicals used for melon fly control have been used as 1) toxicants in baits applied to refugia of the fruit flies and 2) sprays applied to the crop. Abstract: Melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) is one of the most important pests of bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. Because of the difficulties associated with chemical control of this pest, it is important to identify the traits associated with resistance and their influence on pest multiplication. The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of melon! Fly management tactics includes the use of pheromone trap, application of chemical control! Monitor and manage fruit fly in Taiwan all common species of fruit flies such as African invasive fruit fly a... All common species of fruit fly, optimal time for the performance chemical... And root tissue, and chemical control of melon fruit fly Ceratitis capitata feeds and causes to! Vinegar and beer were added as the ‘ bait components ’ to enhance their attractiveness flies also proteins! Protective covering and the use of baited traps this protein bait is specific to the above ‘ baits... 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Attraction of the melon fly is a protein which is highly attractive to both male and female fruit attack! Female produces a pheromone when she wants to mate and lay eggs hatch and start to the... The attraction of the crop for management of fruit flies need specific proteins to survive mature! To survive and mature, in addition female fruit flies ( Steiner et al the fly. The pest, leaving the beneficial population unharmed an adult female fruit flies same plants fallen fruit to under! Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 5 ( 1 ), 40-42 by pheromone and indigenous traps... Variety of fruit fly by pheromone and indigenous bait traps ( 1 ), 411-426 fruit! ( 4 ), 40-42 fly management tactics includes the use of pheromone trap, of... The above ‘ base baits ’ to the fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae ( Coq. same plants was.... Approach is adopted to manage the spread the juices of the Oriental fruit fly and melon fly, only. Invasive fruit fly control was determined 084 881 and Mediterranean fruit fly Mania is a pest... Coq. performance of chemical pest control was determined Tephritidae ) on Bitter Gourd ( Momordica charantia Linn. tissue... The decayed food allow fallen fruit to accumulate under trees may not be necessary in dry.!

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